The Importance of Italian Gardens
Through the middle ages, the green spaces in and around Rome were either wild hunting woods (bosco) or the vegetable and medicinal herb gardens (orto semplice) tended by cloistered religious communities. These monastic gardens, from the Arab tradition of a private paradise enclosed within high walls, were full of botanical symbolism, arranged symmetrically around the water source. Medieval Italian gardens were planted, with herbs, figs, laurel and grapes in formulaic arrays.
But these humble symbolic gardens were insufficiently grand for the secular Renaissance popes. Celebrating their return to power at the center of the world stage on the shore of the Tiber River, the papal garden became a series of grand public rooms, starting with the grounds behind St. Peter
Tours begin from either Rome, Italy, or Florence, Italy.